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Labour market: industry and construction continue to shrink 2013-01-15

The slackening pace of the economic activity in the second half of 2012 is not without consequences for the employment rate. Otherwise than in the years 2008 and 2009, the deterioration of the economic climate is now being counterbalanced only to a small extent by a working time reduction (through the systems of economic unemployment or time credit), which results in the fact that the number of jobs develops more negatively than the work volume expressed in full-time equivalents.

Number of jobs

On September 30th 2012, the number of jobs has dropped by 0.4% compared to the situation on September 30th 2011. The decrease can be noticed most of all in the labour market sections "Industry and Construction" (-1.3% in jobs) and "Commercial services" (-0.9%).

In the sector of the "Non commercial services", a light rise (+0.5%) in the number of jobs compared to the preceding year is once again registered. However the so-called Capelo reform makes it difficult to obtain a clear picture of the evolution of the employment rate in the public sector and the education sector.    

Work volume

The evolution of the work volume in full-time equivalents on an annual basis is still slightly positive (+0.1%). In the section "Industry and Construction", there is parallel to the decrease of the number of jobs also a (somewhat more limited) drop in work volume (-0.8%). In the sector of the "Commercial services" the work volume expressed in full-time equivalents has   barely changed (+0.1%) compared to the third quarter of 2011. In the sector of the "Non commercial services", the rise in work volume (+0.9%) is somewhat higher than the rise in the number of jobs but in this case one also has to remark that it is not easy to assess the results of the counting due to the changes of the declaration mode in the public sector.

Evolution of the salaried employment in the private sector

Manpower and Service checks

The reduced demand for manpower also brings about a drop in the employment rate of temp workers. In the third quarter of 2012 the temping sector is confronted with a fall in work volume by approximately 8.5% compared to the third quarter of 2011 (-10% for the blue-collar and -7% for the white-collar workers).

The demand for manpower in the private households through the service check system continues to rise (rise on an annual basis : +4% in jobs, +8% in work volume). Nevertheless the growth rates have sharply declined during the last quarterly periods.

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